There are many airports in Central America. Not all Central America airports have regularly scheduled flights. There are many Central American airlines. Other airlines from North America, Europe, and Australia also fly many flights to Central American airports. AirGorilla provides flights on several hundred airlines on any given day. In fact, for Central America, AirGorilla has negotiated discount rates with over 12 of the airlines through direct deals as well as through wholesalers.
Central America is the central geographic region of the Americas. It is variably defined either as being a region of the Americas in its own right or as the southern portion of North America. Physiographically, Central America is a narrow isthmus of southern North America extending from the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico southeastward to the Isthmus of Panama where it connects to the Colombian Pacific Lowlands in northwestern South America. Central America has an area of some 523,000 square kilometres. The Pacific Ocean lies to the southwest, the Caribbean Sea lies to the northeast, and the Gulf of Mexico lies to the north.
Most of Central America rests atop the Caribbean Plate. The region is geologically active, with volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occurring from time to time. In 1931 and 1972 earthquakes devastated Managua the capital of Nicaragua, as also in 2001 two earthquakes devastated El Salvador. Fertile soils from weathered volcanic lavas have made it possible to sustain dense populations in the agriculturally productive highland areas.
The combined population of these countries is 39,267,000 in 2006. Of these, Guatemala is the most populated country with approximately 11 million people; Belize, with only about 300,000 people, is the least populated country.
Mexico is rarely included in Central America, though some definitions include it, e.g. the UN geoscheme includes it in Central America, defined as all states of North America south of the United States. In contrast, the European Union excludes Belize and Mexico from its definition of the region.
The Panama Canal, a 77-kilometre bypass across the Isthmus of Panama, connects the Caribbean Sea (a mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean) to the Pacific. Though physiographically a transcontinental nation, all of Panama—including the segment east of the Panama Canal—is often considered a part of North America alone. ()