The Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra, French: Principaute d'Andorre, Spanish: Principado de Andorra) is a small landlocked country in southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by France and Spain. The name "Andorra" is of unknown origin but (according to Joan Coromines) clearly pre-Roman. Many of the local toponyms are of Iberian-Basque origin. It has the highest life expectancy in the world, at 83.51 years.
Andorra is a principality with the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell, Spain as co-princes. Politics of Andorra takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic country, whereby the Prime Minister of Andorra is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system.
Given its relative isolation, Andorra has existed mostly outside the mainstream of European history, with few ties to countries other than France and Spain. In recent times, however, its thriving tourist industry, status as a tax haven, along with developments in transportation and communications have removed the country from its isolation and its political system was thoroughly modernised in 1993, the year in which it finally became a member of the United Nations. ()