The primary airport in Sierra Leone for international flights is at Freetown (use airport code FNA or SRK). There are a number of airports in Sierra Leone. However, not all Sierra Leone airports have regularly scheduled flights. We do not list the smallest Sierra Leone airports, since there is no way to provide you flights from those airports. AirGorilla offers flights, hotels, and rental car reservations for Sierra Leone.
Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea on the north and Liberia on the south, with the Atlantic Ocean on the west. The name Sierra Leone was adapted from the Portuguese name for the country: Serra Leoa. The literal meaning is "Lioness Mountain." During the 1700s Sierra Leone was an important centre of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. The capital Freetown was founded in 1792 by the Sierra Leone Company as a home for Black Britons who had fought for the British in the American Revolutionary War.
In 1808, Freetown became a British Crown Colony, and in 1896, the interior of the country became a British Protectorate. The Crown Colony and Protectorate joined and gained independence in 1961. From 1991 to 2000, the country suffered greatly under a devastating civil war.
The head of state and government is the president, who is elected every five years. Major cities are the capital Freetown, Koidu (Sefadu), Bo, Kenema and Makeni.
Much of Sierra Leone's coastline consists of mangrove swamps, with the exception of the peninsula on which the capital city Freetown is located. The rest of Sierra Leone is mostly plateau (about 300 m or 1,000 ft above sea level) covered by forests, with mountains in the northeast of the country. The climate is tropical, with a rainy season from May to December.
Economic development has always been hampered by an overdependence on mineral exploitation. Successive governments and the population as a whole have always believed that "diamonds and gold" are sufficient generators of foreign currency earnings and lure for investment. As result large scale agriculture of commodity products, industrial development and sustainable investments have been neglected by governments. The economy could thus be described as one which is "exploitative" and based on the extraction of unsustainable resources or non-reusable assets. About two-thirds of the population engages in subsistence agriculture.
There are about seventeen different ethnic groups living in Sierra Leone, which together make up about 99% of the population. The biggest tribes are the Mende (mostly in the Central and south) and Temne (north), both forming about one third of the population. There is a sizeable number of Krios, descendants of enslaved Africans, freed in London, Canada and the West Indies in the late 1700s and later returned to West Africa.
Although English is the official language, it is understood by only a minority, as most people speak their tribe's own language. The Krio language, based on English and African languages, is however spoken by most of the population. Islam and Christianity both claim many adherents in Sierra Leone. Statistics for Islam in Sierra Leone estimate a Muslim population as representing around 60 percent of the population. Sierra Leoneans also adhere to traditional African religious practices. ()