The primary airport for international flights to Sao Tome & Principe is at Sao Tome International Airport (TMS). Most international flights route through Lisbon in Portugal. There are a number of airports in Sao Tome. However, not all Sao Tome airports have regularly scheduled flights. We do not list the smallest Sao Tome airports, since there is no way to provide you flights from those airports. AirGorilla offers flights, hotels, and rental car reservations for Sao Tome.
Sao Tome and Principe, officially the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is an island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Africa. It consists of two islands: Sao Tome and Principe, located about 140 kilometres apart and about 250 and 225 kilometres respectively, off of the northwestern coast of Gabon. Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. Sao Tome, the sizable southern island, is situated almost exactly on the equator. It is named after Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who discovered the island on his feast day.
Sao Tome is 50 km (31 miles) long and 32 km wide and the more mountainous of the two islands. Its peaks reach 2,024 meters (6,640 feet). Principe is about 30 km long and 6 km wide. Swift streams radiating down the mountains through lush forest and cropland to the sea cross both islands. The island of Principe is 6 by 16 kilometers (4 by 10 miles) in size. At sea level, the climate is tropical, hot and humid with little daily variation. At the interior's higher altitudes. The rainy season runs from October to May.
The islands of Sao Tome and Principe were uninhabited before the arrival of the Portuguese sometime between 1469 and 1471. Over these three years, Portuguese navigators explored the islands and decided they would be a good location for bases to trade with the mainland.
Attracting settlers proved difficult, however, and most of the earliest inhabitants were "undesirables" sent from Portugal, mostly Jews. In time these settlers found the excellent volcanic soil of the region suitable for agriculture. After a period of transitional government, Sao Tome and Principe achieved independence from Portugal on July 12, 1975. In 1990, Sao Tome became one of the first African countries to embrace democratic reform.
Since the 1800s, the economy of Sao Tome and Principe has been based on plantation agriculture. After independence, control of these plantations passed from private to various state-owned agricultural enterprises, which have since been again privatized. The dominant crop on Sao Tome is cocoa, 95% of exports.
Other than agriculture, the main economic activities are fishing and a small industrial sector engaged in processing local agricultural products and producing a few basic consumer goods. The scenic islands have potential for tourism, and the government is attempting to improve its rudimentary tourist industry infrastructure. Portuguese is the official language, spoken by 95% of the population. ()