The primary international airport for Mozambique (Mocambique) is at Maputo. However, beach cities such as Beira and Vilanculos (several spellings) are receiving an increased number of international flights, especially from Johannesburg, South Africa. There are a number of airports in Mozambique. However, not all Mozambique airports have regularly scheduled flights. We do not list the smallest Mozambique airports, since there is no way to provide you flights from those airports. AirGorilla offers flights, hotels, and rental car reservations for Mozambique.
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Portuguese: Mocambique or Republica de Mocambique), is a country in southeastern Africa bordering to the Indian Ocean in the east, Tanzania in the north, Malawi and Zambia in the northwest, Zimbabwe in the west and Swaziland and South Africa in the southwest. It is a member of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries and the Commonwealth of Nations. Mozambique is comparable in size to Turkey, and is somewhat larger than the US state of Texas.
For tourism, the nation’s primary attraction is its coastline. Porpoises dance in schools over the waves, and the coral reefs are healthy, vivid and rife with sealife. Lovers can spend entire days on the golden sands and see no one. And chances are good that no one will see them. The beaches may be mostly undeveloped, but there are some wonderful places to stay, including ultra-expensive, world-class island resorts that count Saudi princes, African presidents and the likes of Paul McCartney and Virgin CEO Richard Branson among their guests. Most travelers jet into the capital, Maputo, in Mozambique’s south, then transfer to smaller planes to fly up the coast to Vilanculos, Beira and Pemba. Cruise lines are beginning to schedule Mozambique as well.
When Portuguese explorers reached Mozambique in 1498, Arab commercial and slave trading settlements had existed along the coast and outlying islands for several centuries. From about 1500, Portuguese trading posts and forts became regular ports of call on the new route to the east. Later, traders and prospectors penetrated the interior regions seeking gold and slaves.
By the early twentieth century the Portuguese had shifted the administration of much of Mozambique to large private companies, like the Mozambique Company, the Zambezi Company and the Niassa Company, controlled and financed mostly by the British, which established railroad lines to neighboring countries and supplied cheap – often forced – African labor to the mines and plantations of the nearby British colonies and South Africa.
After a socialist-inspired military coup which overthrew the quasi-fascist Portuguese government of Antonio Salazar in 1974, Portugal determined to grant independence to its remaining colonies. Mozambique became independent on June 25, 1975. During the years following, civil war dominated until 1992. An estimated 1 million Mozambicans perished during the civil war, 1.7 million took refuge in neighboring states, and several million more were internally displaced. Several electrions were held as democracy took hold.
The official currency is the Metical. US Dollars, Rands and more recently Euros are also widely accepted and used in current business transactions. Many years of economy expansion have followed the end of the civil way. rapid expansion in the future hinges on several major foreign investment projects, continued economic reform, and the revival of the agriculture, transportation, and tourism sectors. More than 75% of the population engages in small scale agriculture, which still suffers from inadequate infrastructure, commercial networks, and investment. However, 88% of Mozambique's arable land is still uncultivated.
Portuguese is the official and most widely spoken language of the nation, because Bantus speak several of their different languages (most widely used of these are Swahili, Makua, Sena, Ndau, and Shangaan — these have many Portuguese-origin words), but 40% of all people speak it — 31%, mostly Bantus, as their second language and only 9%, mostly pure-blooded Portuguese and mesticos, speak it as their first language. Arabs, Chinese, and Indians speak their own languages. Most educated Mozambicans speak English, which is used in schools and business as second or third language.
During the colonial era, Christian missionaries were active in Mozambique, and many foreign clergy remain in the country. According to the national census, about 20%-30% of the population is Christian (with Catholicism as the largest denomination), 15%-20% is Muslim, and the remainder adheres to traditional beliefs. ()