Latin America was traditionally defined as the regions of the Americas where Spanish, the language of Spain, and Portuguese, the language of Portugal, were spoken. Other areas where languages derived from Latin (such as French, Papiamento or Kreyol) predominate are part of latin America but usually not thought of as Latin American by some people.
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Archaic inscriptions on rocks and rock walls all over northern Mexico (especially in the state of Nuevo León) demonstrate an early propensity for counting in Mexico. These very early and ancient count-markings were associated with astronomical events and underscore the influence that astronomical activities had upon Mexican natives, even before they possessed civilization.
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Canada is the second largest country in the world in total area, extending from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean with claims extending to the North Pole. The northern-most country on the mainland of North America, Canada has land borders only with the United States.
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The name "West Indies" originates from Christopher Columbus' idea that he had landed in the Indies (then meaning all of south and east Asia) when he had in fact reached the Americas. The name "Caribbean" is named after the Caribs, one of the dominant Amerindian groups in the region at the time of European contact. The Caribbean consists of the Greater and Lesser Antilles, and is often considered part of North America.
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The Greek term Europe has been derived from Greek words meaning broad (eurys) and face (ops). From the Middle Eastern vantagepoint, the sun does set over Europe, the lands to the west.
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Great Britain is an island lying off the north-western coast of Europe, comprising the main territory of the United Kingdom (UK). Great Britain is also used as a political term. Great Britain is also widely, but inaccurately, used as a synonym for the sovereign state properly known as the United Kingdom.
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Spain is more than bullfights, flamenco dancers and crowded beaches. The uniqueness of Spain lies in the separate kingdoms which made up the original Spanish nation. These regions remain diverse in their language, culture, cuisine and art.
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For more than 3,000 years Italy witnessed many migrations and invasions from Germanic, Greek, Celtic, Franks, Byzantines, Normans, and the French Angevins, and Lombard peoples. Italy was also home to many well-known and influential civilisations, including the Etruscans and the Romans.
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Germany is a democratic federal parliamentary nation, made up of 16 (federal) states (Bundes-) Länder, which in certain spheres act independently of the Federation. Germany was formed in 1871, after the Franco-Prussian War, which united a scattering of independent states into an empire.
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Scandinavia is the cultural and historic region in Northern Europe consisting of the Scandinavian and Jutland peninsulas and the islands inbetween. The collective label "Scandinavia" nowadays primarily reflects the linguistic similarities.
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Eastern Europe as a region has several alternative definitions, whereby it can denote: European countries of the former "Eastern bloc". The region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Central Europe and Russia. This new Eastern Europe has become more commonly used to identify the region since the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact.
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The Mediterranean climate is generally one of wet winters and hot, dry summers. Large islands in the Mediterranean include: Cyprus, Crete in the eastern Mediterranean; Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, and Malta in the central Mediterranean; Ibiza, Majorca and Minorca (the Balearic Islands) in the western Mediterranean. Bordering the Mediterranean Sea are: Europe (from west to east): Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, the island state of Malta, Greece, Turkey, and the island state of Cyprus, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt.
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Africa is the world's second-largest and second most populous continent, after Asia.
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South Africa is a racially diverse nation. Racial strife between the white minority and the black majority in South Africa have played a large part in the country's history and politics, culminating in apartheid which was instituted in 1948 by the National Party.
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In the middle east, the most common and highly arbitrary definition includes: Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Turkey, Iran (Persia), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
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The word Asia entered English, via Latin, from Ancient Greek ???? (Asia; see also List of traditional Greek place names). This name is first attested in Herodotus (c. 440 BC), where it refers to Asia Minor; or, for the purposes of describing the Persian Wars, to the Persian Empire, as opposed to Greece and Egypt.
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India is the fourth largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power parity, and the tenth largest in absolute terms. As a multi-ethnic and multi-religious country, India has had its share of sectarian violence and insurgencies in different parts of the country.
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Archaeological research indicates that the earliest inhabitants of Japan migrated over land bridges from Korea and Siberia, at least 30,000 years ago. According to traditional Japanese mythology, Japan was founded in the 7th century BC by the ancestral Emperor Jinmu, a direct descendant of the Shinto deity Amaterasu.
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China refers to a number of states and cultures that have existed and are viewed as having succeeded one another in continental East Asia, dating back at least 3,500 years. Modern China has been described as both a single civilization and multiple civilizations, as a single state or multiple states, and as a single nation or multiple nations.
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The Commonwealth of Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the world's smallest continent and a number of islands in the Southern, Indian and Pacific Oceans. The continent of Australia has been inhabited for over 40,000 years by Indigenous Australians.
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The Pacific Rim is a political and economic term used to designate the countries on the edges of the Pacific Ocean as well as the various island nations within the region. Tokyo is possibly the most important commercial and cultural capital of the Pacific Rim.
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Argentina is a country in South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east and south. The name Argentina derives from the Latin argentum (silver) and the first Spanish conquerors to the River Plate.
Brazil is the largest and most populous country in Latin America, and fifth largest in the world. Named after brazilwood, a tree highly valued by early colonists, Brazil is home to both extensive agricultural lands and rain forests.
Central America is the region of North America located between the southern border of Mexico and the northwest border of Colombia, in South America. Some geographers classify Central America as a large isthmus.
(24) Central America
is a vast landlocked region of Asia. Though various definitions of its exact composition exist, no one definition is universally accepted. Central Asia has historically been closely tied to its nomadic peoples and the Silk Road.
(25) Central Asia
The Republic of Costa Rica is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the south-southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Costa Rica was the first country in the world to constitutionally abolish its army.
(26) Costa Rica
Hawaii is the archipelago of the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean. Admitted on August 21, 1959, Hawaii constitutes the 50th state of the United States and is situated 2500 miles from the mainland.
France is a Western European country, with a number of overseas territories. France is bordered by the United Kingdom (with a land border inside the Channel Tunnel), Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain.
South Korea and North Korea together were a unified country until 1948. Korea was partitioned into two halves following World War II. South Korea is now a capitalist liberal democracy.
The Maghreb (also called Northwest Africa or Tamazgha) is the portion of North Africa that consititutes Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Libya, and Mauritania (thus excluding the Nile Valley). Some countries in North Africa, particularly Egypt and Libya, often get included in common definitions of the Middle East.
(30) North Africa
Peru is a country in western South America, bordering Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the east, south-east and south, and Chile to the south. Peru is rich in cultural anthropology, and is well-known as the cradle of the Inca empire.
The Philippines is a nation in Southeast Asia with Manila as its capital. It lies 1,210 km (750 mi) away from mainland Asia and consists of 7,107 islands called the Philippines Archipelago.
Russia is a country that stretches over a vast expanse of Europe and Asia. The vast lands of present Russia were home to disunited tribes who were variously overwhelmed by invading Goths, Huns, and Turkish Avars between the third and sixth centuries AD.
The Kingdom of Thailand is a country in Southeast Asia. Thailand was left as a buffer state between parts of Asia that were colonised by the French and the British and Thailand had a series of very able rulers in the 1800s.